Vajikaran chikitsa :
Emerging from the Indus Valley culture, Ayurveda is considered the oldest complete health system in existence today. It has been practiced continuously for over five thousand years. Its recorded origins reach back to the Vedic civilization some 3,500 to 4,000 years ago.
The name Ayurveda is derived from two Sanskrit words, Ayur meaning life and longevity, and Veda meaning knowledge of science. In other words Ayurveda means the “the Science of Life” that teaches us to live life in a true and natural balance. It is the traditional natural healing system of India, being practiced here for over 6000 years.
It is likely that Ayurved possesses the longest clinical experience of any medical system known. There is a history of hospitals and colleges dating back more than 3,000 years. Traditionally, Ayurveda consisted of eight branches: Surgery, Internal Medicine, Gynecology and Pediatrics, Toxicology, Otorhinolaryngology (ears, nose and throat), Psychiatry, Rejuvenation (Geriatrics), and Virilification Therapy (Sexology).
For thousands of years in Ayurveda, remains a science that is today gaining wide acceptance and popularity. It is a system of medicine with natural remedies that can treat most of the so called incurable diseases.
Ayurvedic anatomy and physiology are based on three factors – dosh (basic body constituents), dhatu (body tissues) and mala (body wastes.) Ayurved believes that dhatu give structure to the body and they are the ones who function for the body under the governance of the dosha.
In all, there are seven dhatu: rasa, rakta, mansa, med, asthi, majja and shukra. From rasa (life sap) the body develops rakta (blood), from rakta it develops mansa (muscles), from mansa is developed med (fat), from med is developed asthi (bones), from asthi the body develops majja (nervous system) and from majja is generated shukra (reproductive elements in the body).
Shukra is honored as the supreme body tissue, end product of body metabolism. Therefore, for sexual satisfaction, for strength-expressing performance and for better progeny, the shukra dhatu should be in good state, and for this, the dhatu chain should persistently function well. This is where vajikaran drugs (aphrodisiacs) come into play. They help in giving strength and vigor to the shukra dhatu and in the long run to the body.
Because semen is the visible end product of the functioning of the chain of dhatu, practitioners of ayurveda started believing that semen is very valuable and that it should not be wasted only for the sake of pleasure. The sole purpose of shukra should be to produce healthy progeny, which is the base of tomorrow’s healthy society.
Thus, ayurved tried to bind sex in rules and regulations. It laid down certain dos and don’ts for sex. Abstinence was recommended so as to produce a mature, powerful shukra dhatu.
This was believed by society and generations after generations said that if the whole of society followed these guidelines strictly then it would produce tejaswi (bright and brilliant) and ojaswi (those who have a stronger vital force supporting their life) progeny. A general understanding was to have sex for a better society and not for pleasure and hence, vajikaran drugs gained an important place in society.
Vajikaran chikitsa is that branch of ashtang ayurved, which deals with all types of physical, and psychological sexual problems like impotence, libido, poor erection and early ejaculation in males and sterility, frigidity in females.
Ayurveda strongly believed that a weak shukra dhatu was the culprit behind all male and female sexual problems. Vajikaran tantra (technique) claims that it has tips for normal, healthy and mature shukra dhatu, which is ultimately essential for satisfying and productive sex.
Ayurveda has recognized the extreme importance of sex in Human Life. Ayurveda regards that, sex is extremely necessary for our Happy, Healthy, Mental and physical life.
Hence out of its Eightfold parts, Ayurveda has devoted one full, descriptive chapter on sexology, i.e. ‘Vajikarana’. The word Vajikarana is derived from combination of two Sanskrit words. Vaji + karana = Vajikarana. ‘Vaji in Sanskrit means Horse. ‘karana’ means ‘to do’ or ‘to make’.
Hence Vajikarana means to make oneself strong like a Horse in Sex Life. The animal Horse is supposed to be the most powerful in sex. Hence symbol of a Horse is chosen in Ayurvedic Sexology”).
Defination of Vajikarana :- The Ayurvedic physician Charaka has defined Vajikarana as,
‘Yena Narishu Samarthyam Vajivat labhate Naraha I
Vrajet cha abhyadhikam yena Vajikarana ev tat II
Jacaraka Samhita Chikitsasthana)
‘Vajikarana (virification)m is the one which makes a man strong like a Horse (Vaji) and like a steel in sex Act.
Another Ayurvedic expert vagbhata defined Vajikarana as,
VaJikarana is that by which one becomes strong like a Horse (Vaji) and enjoy sex without any fatigue and becomes strong and most lovable to woman. VaJikarana gives strength.
Ayurveda thinks VaJikarana is almost necessary for the purpose of family welfare and a Healthy social set-up.
Charaka has aptly noted the importance of these drugs as Sex Tonics (Vrushya) in VaJikarana as under-Sankalpo hi Vrushyanam – Charaka Samhita Chikitsa. -One should decide (Sankalpa) to use Sex Tonics (Vrushya) in VaJikarana.
Vajikarana (Vrishya) Chikitsa, is a medicine or therapy by which a man becomes capable of copulating with a woman. Vrishya Chikitsa also helps in nourishing the body of the person. Apart from prescribing a lot of effective formulations to provide nutrition to enhance the quality of these vital body fluids.
Charaka, in his great Ayurvedic classic writing Charaka Samhita, states the use of aphrodisiacs as mentioned in ayurvedic therapies enhance one’s potency.
As per the Vrishya Chikitsa, celibacy is essential for good health. It helps increase the will power, intellect and memory, in addition to a healthy body.
The shukra dhatu has a direct link with ojas or the immunity of the body. Hence, vajikaran prescribed the therapeutic use of various aphrodisiacs and tonic preparations for enhancing the vigor and reproductive capabilities of men that also strengthens other body tissues (dhatus) like muscles, fats, bones and blood. Vajikarana is mainly concerned with therapies concerning specific remedies for male infertility and impotence as well as female infertility.
Apart from being good aphrodisiacs, these induce and immediate sense of pleasurable excitement, along with increased fertile seminal secretions, even in an ageing person.
Vrishya Chikitsa branch of Ashtang Ayurved states the reason for sexual inefficiency and directs the use of several aphrodisiac herbs and minerals to enhance the vitality.
The herbs and treatments are aimed at improving the condition for both men and women. In this theraphy, the individual is follows a Ayurvedic directions strictly, by taking in herbs or herbal combinations that have aphrodisiac properties.
The therapy, which renders a person potent enough to produce a healthy offspring; provides instantaneous sexual arousal to the extent that one can perform uninterrupted sexual act; nourishes the tissues so that even in old age semen is not diminished; brings about happiness, longevity, beauty, strength, and nourishment is known as Vajikarana.
The drugs used for the promotion of sexual health and for treating the male sexual disorders have been classified in different groups :-
1) Vajikarana (Aphrodisiac)
The drug which provide sexual satisfaction and vajikarana.
e.g. Nagabala (sida humilis and seeds of kapikacchu (mucuna pruriens).
2) Shukra janana (Spermatogenetic)
The drugs, which enhance production of sperm, are shukra janana.
e.g. Mudgaparni (Rhaseolus trilolous), Mashaparni (Teramnus labialust) Shatavari ( Asparagus racemosus), Aswagandha ( Withania somnifera), Musali (Asparagus adscendens) and sugar.
3) Shukra pravartaka
The drugs, which enhances the production as well as flow / ejaculation of semen are shukra pravartaka.
e.g. milk, masha (black gram), amalaki (embelica officinalis) and phalamajja (material inside of seed) of Bhallataka (semicarpus anacardium).
4) Shukra rechana
The drugs, which cause evacuation of semen (shukra) are shukra rechana.
e.g. Fruits of Brihati (solanum indicum) and Kantakari (solanum xanthocarpum).
5) Shukra Stambhaka
The drugs, which promote the retention power of a male partner during the sexual act.
e.g. Jathiphala (Myristica fragrans), Akarkara.
6) Shukra Shoshaka
The drugs, which dry up the screen.
e.g. Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) and Kalinga (Water melon).
7) Shukra sodhana (Semen Purifier)
Purifier of semen are Shukra – Shodhana
e.g. Kushtha (Saussurea lappa), Elavaluka (Brunus cerasus), Katphala (Myrica nagi), Samudraphena (Internal cell of sepia offinalis), gum of kadamba (Anthocephalus indicus), Ikshu (Saccharum officinarum), Kandekshu (Saccharum spontaneum), Kokilaksha (Asteracantha longifolia) and Ushira (vetiveria zizanioides).
Some preparations of Vajikarana
1) Virya shodhana vati
2) Makardwaj vati
3) Sidha makardhwaj vati
4) Kamachudamani ras,
5) Vasant kusumakar ras
6) Aswagandhadi churana
7) Kauncha pak
8) Mushali pak
9) Dhatupaushtik Churan
10) Pushap Dhanva Ras
11) Shri Gopal Tail
12) Ashwa Gandhadi Tail